History of Pizza
The history of pizza is, to put it mildly, long. Over the centuries, many civilizations have made dough and baked pies that today we would recognize as pizza. From the Greeks and Egyptians to the Persians and Indians, they all baked flatbreads as a base for side dishes of meat and vegetables. To this day, while enjoying the flavors of eastern cuisines, we eat naan that resembles pizza dough, yet it has not changed its form for over a thousand years.
It is therefore difficult to define one place where pizza was born. We can try to identify its precursors, but it is impossible to say which nation gave pizza its modern character. The inhabitants of sunny Italy take advantage of this ignorance by claiming that pizza was born in Naples. However, it cannot be denied that this is where the word pizza was first used. At the beginning it was a dish of the poor. Gaining more and more popularity, however, as a simple but filling and tasty dish, in 1738 the first pizzeria was founded. The establishment took the name Antica Pizzeria Port’Alba.
Over 150 years later, in honor of the Italian Queen Margherita of Savoy, Rafaele Esposito created a pizza that we can still order today. Margherita representing the colors of Italy thanks to tomato slices, mozzarella and basil leaves. This is, of course, a beautiful legend, but the coincidence associated with the stay of King Umberto I and Queen Margherita in Naples in 1889 makes it possible to believe in this message.
Regardless of the legend, it was around this time that the history of modern pizza began. Interestingly, until the 1940s, pizza was not particularly popular outside of Naples and its surroundings.
However the career of pizza was about to develop. Immigrants arriving in large numbers to the United States, longing for familiar flavors, began to bake pizza, which quickly gained recognition among Americans. The first pizzeria in the United States was G.Lombardi’s on Spring Street in Manhattan. It’s worth noting that although the same pizza oven no longer exists, G.Lombardi’s constantly on Manhattan works.
Pizza has become very popular, and the number of its varieties and types has been constantly growing. Pizza soon ceased to be considered an Italian meal and started to be an occasion to meet and have a casual snack.
America brought pizza back to Europe. Just like Mickey Mouse and Ford was adopted and accepted very quickly. It happened probably because it was tasty, but also because it was American